MSU And Michigan Tussle In Super Bowl Sunday Showdown
 
 
 
The Spartans are back at home to face Michigan Sunday afternoon.
 
The Spartans are back at home to face Michigan Sunday afternoon.
 
 

Feb. 4, 2012

#9/10 Michigan State (17-5, 6-3) vs. #23/22 Michigan (17-6, 7-3)
 Date Sunday, Feb. 5
 Time 1 p.m. ET
 Location East Lansing, Mich. | Breslin Center
 Internet Streaming CBS (Verne Lundquist, Clark Kellogg)
 Radio Spartan Sports Network (Will Tieman, Gus Ganakas, Matt Steigenga)
 Tickets Not Available
 Game Notes Michigan State | Michigan
 Statistics  Michigan State | Michigan
 Internet Coverage   Gametracker | Live Stats (Mobile Users)
 Social Media @MSU_Basketball   |  Facebook

The Opening Tip
Michigan State looks to bounce back from a disappointing offensive performance vs. Illinois as it welcome in-state rival Michigan to Breslin Center. The Spartans and Wolverines played to a one-point game on Jan. 17. Michigan is the first conference opponent that Michigan State will play for a second time this season.

The Starting Five
1. Success At Breslin

Michigan State is 307-44 (.875) all-time since Breslin Center opened in 1989, including 159-33 (.828) in Big Ten play. Under Tom Izzo, the Spartans are 233-29 (.889) at Breslin, including a 118-20 (.855) conference record. MSU is 13-0 at Breslin Center this season and has won 14 straight home games.

2. Versus Ranked Opponents
Michigan State is 3-3 against ranked opponents this season, including road wins over #23 Gonzaga and #18 Wisconsin, and a home win over #13 Indiana. Both Draymond Green and Keith Appling are scoring better against ranked opponents. Green raises his scoring average from 14.6 ppg vs. non-ranked to 15.5 against ranked opponents. Appling's difference is even greater, averaging 14.4 points against ranked teams, compared to 11.1 ppg vs. non-ranked squads.

3. Green Attacks The Glass
Draymond Green leads the Big Ten at 10.3 rebounds per game, ranking 17th in the nation (through Feb. 2), including a conference-best 10.9 rebounds per game in league contests. His 10.3 average is the best for a Spartan since Antonio Smith averaged 10.6 rpg as a sophomore in 1996-97. Goran Suton led the Big Ten in rebounding in 2009, and prior to that, the last Spartan to pace the conference was Smith in 1997. Green has grabbed double-figure rebounds in 14 games, including six of the last seven and 9 of the last 12. He has led MSU in rebounding in 17 of 22 games this season. He's recorded 14 boards in three of the last seven games.

4. Spartan Double-Doubles
Four different Spartans have recorded a double-double this season. Draymond Green leads the way with 11 double-doubles, pacing the Big Ten and ranking 15th in the nation (through Feb. 2). Green has posted a double-double in seven of the last 12 games. Branden Dawson has posted two double-doubles, and Adreian Payne and Brandon Wood have each recorded one double-double. Green has tallied 29 career double-doubles. He (14.9 ppg, 10.3 rpg) is looking to become the first Spartan to average a double-double since Mike Peplowski in 1993 (14.5 ppg, 10.0 rpg).

5. Defending The Three
Last season, Michigan State ranked eighth in the Big Ten, allowing teams to shoot .364 from 3-point range. This year, the Spartans rank second in the conference, allowing opponents to shoot just .292 from behind the arc, and first in conference games (.284). MSU has held eight opponents to a .250 or lower shooting percentage from behind the arc. That happened just four times all of last season. Twelve opponents have shot under .300, including five of the last seven.

MSU vs. Michigan Notes
Series History

Michigan leads the all-time series with Michigan State, 94-74. The Spartans, however, own a 45-36 advantage in games played in East Lansing. MSU has won 18 of the last 24 games overall, and 11 of the last 12 at Breslin Center. Tom Izzo is 18-11 in his career against the Wolverines.

Coach Beilein
John Beilein (Butler, `90) is 560-348 in his 30th season as a four-year collegiate head coach, including 84-73 in his fifth season at Michigan. His coaching career also includes stints at West Virginia, Richmond, Canisius, LaMoyne, Nazareth and Erie Community College.

The Last Meeting
Michigan defeated Michigan State, 60-59, on Jan. 17, 2012, in Ann Arbor. Leading by seven points at the half, the Wolverines pushed their lead out to 47-36 with 12:18 remaining. The Spartans answered with a 16-2 run, and when Keith Appling hit a jumper with 5:47 left, MSU held a 52-49 lead. When Austin Thornton hit two free throws at the 2:32 mark, MSU led 59-56. Michigan scored four straight points, taking a 60-59 lead. MSU had three chances to win the game in the final seconds, but Appling had a shot blocked and Draymond Green missed a driving jumper and the follow tip at the buzzer. Trey Burke led all scorers with 20 points for the Wolverines, while Derrick Nix led MSU with 13 points. MSU held a 31-18 edge on the glass, but Michigan shot 51.1 percent from the field, a season-high for a Saprtan opponent.

The Last Meeting In East Lansing
Michigan defeated Michigan State, 61-57, on Jan. 27, 2011, in East Lansing. Trailing 13-11, the Wolverines went on a 13-5 run to take a 24-18 lead. During the run, Zack Novak hit three straight 3-pointers. In the second half, Michigan led by as many as 14 points, and by 13 with 7:17 remaining, but MSU pulled within two points in the final two minutes. The Spartans had a chance to take the lead, but Keith Appling missed a 3-pointer with 55 seconds left. On Michigan's next possession, Stu Douglass hit a 3-pointer as the shot clock expired to seal the game. The story of the game was 3-point shooting as Michigan hit 10-of-21 attempts, compared to 5-of-19 for MSU. Novak led Michigan with 19 points, hitting 6-of-8 shots from behind the arc. Kalin Lucas led all scorers with 27 points, while Durrell Summers recorded a double-double with 13 points and 10 boards.

Wolverine Notes
Michigan ranks second in the Big Ten with 8.1 made 3-pointers per contest as five different players have made 29 or more on the season ... Jordan Morgan ranks second in the conference with his .645 field-goal percentage ... Tim Hardaway Jr., paces the team in overall scoring (15.1 ppg), but in conference games, freshman Trey Burke leads the way (15.9 ppg) ... 44.0 percent of Michigan's field-goal attempts are from 3-point range.

Gm. 22 Recap
Illinois 42 - Michigan St. 41

Michigan State dominated the glass and had a strong defensive effort, but had one of its poorest shooting nights in recent memory in falling at Illinois, 42-41. At the 10:56 mark of the first half, Draymond Green picked up his second foul and then received a technical foul, forcing him to the bench for the rest of the half. But even with Green on the bench, Illinois could just manage a two-point lead at the half, 22-20. MSU shot just 23.3 percent in the first half, but grabbed 13 offensive boards. In the second half, Illinois led 35-29 with 7:48 remaining. MSU responded with a 9-0 run, claiming a 38-35 lead with 4:09 remaining. With MSU leading 38-37, Green was forced to the bench with a knee injury with 3:49 left. After Branden Dawson gave MSU a 40-37 lead, Tracy Abrams tied the game at 40 with 2:11 remaining. Brandon Paul gave the Illini a 42-40 lead with two free throws with 45 seconds left. Derrick Nix hit 1-of-2 free throws with 13 seconds remaining. MSU had one last chance, but Keith Appling missed a driving layup just before the final buzzer.

MSU vs. Illinois Notes
* Michigan State shot a season-low .241 from the field in scoring 41 points, its lowest total since scoring 36 at Iowa on Jan. 12, 2008.
* Branden Dawson led MSU in scoring (12) and rebounding (13) in recording his second career double-double. The 13 rebounds were a season high for Dawson.
* Dawson was the only Spartan in double figures, marking just the second time that only one Spartan has scored at least 10 points this season.
* Michigan State also had season-low totals in assists (4) and steals (3).
* Michigan State grabbed more offensive rebounds (23) than Illinois had defensive boards (22).
* Adreian Payne made his first career 3-pointer, having not even attempted one since going 0-of-1 in his Spartan debut vs. Eastern Michigan on Nov. 12, 2010.
* MSU's two leading scorers on the season, Draymond Green (1-of-6) and Keith Appling (1-of-11) shot a combined 2-of-17 from the field.

MSU Basketball Notes
Strong Spartan Defense

MSU's defensive effort has been impressive this season. The Spartans are allowing just 59.4 points (ranking 24th in the nation through Feb. 2) on .378 shooting (8th in nation), including .292 from 3-point range (18th in nation). MSU also ranks 42nd in the nation in blocks (4.8 bpg) and 60th in steals (7.9 spg). The Spartans rank third in the Big Ten in scoring defense, second in field-goal percentage defense and second in 3-point field-goal percentage defense. Only two teams have shot 50 percent or better from the field, while 15 have shot under 40 percent, including three below 30 percent.

Dawson's Emergence
Branden Dawson scored in single digits in his first six Big Ten games. He's become a much more effective scorer in the last three games, averaging a team-best 14.0 ppg and grabbing 6.7 boards per contest. He started with a 14-point effort vs. Purdue, followed with a career-high tying 16-point game vs. Minnesota, and most recently, posted a 12-point, career-high 13-rebound double-double at Illinois. He's shooting .607 (17-of-28) from the field over the last three games. He's scored in double-figures nine times this season, and ranks fourth in the team in scoring at 8.7 ppg. He was named Big Ten Freshman of the Week on Jan. 30.

Finding The Long Distance Connection
Through the first six games of the season, MSU was shooting just .269 from 3-point range (32-119). In the last 16 games, however, the Spartans have been on target, connecting on .420 of their shots (95-226) from behind the arc. In league games, MSU ranks second in the conference at .397.

Big Ten Success
Michigan State has won 12 Big Ten Championships, including two of the last three, since joining the league prior to the 1950-51 season. The Spartans' first ever league game was at Northwestern, where MSU claimed a 67-62 victory on Jan. 6, 1951. All-time, MSU is 547-447 (.550) in league play, including 189-88 (.682) under Tom Izzo, who ranks sixth in league history with 189 conference wins. Izzo has guided MSU to six of its 12 league crowns. Since Izzo's first season (1995-96), MSU has a Big Ten-best record of 189-88, 14.5 games better than second place Wisconsin (175-103).

Spartans Earn Weekly Big Ten Honors
Two Spartans were honored by the Big Ten office on Jan. 30. Draymond Green was named Big Ten Player of the Week for the second time this season, sharing the award with Nebraska's Brandon Richardson. Green was also honored on Dec. 12. Branden Dawson becomes the first Spartan to earn Big Ten Freshman of the Week honors. Keith Appling has been named player of the week twice this season.

MSU's Mr. Everything
Coach Izzo has explained that he hasn't had a player asked to do as much for a team as Draymond Green, and the numbers prove it. In addition to being the unquestioned leader of the squad, Green leads the team in scoring (14.9 ppg), rebounding (10.3 rpg), minutes (32.3 mpg), steals (33) and blocks (24), while ranking second in assists (3.5 apg). He leads the Big Ten in rebounding and defensive rebounds (7.9 drpg), while ranking tied for second in offensive rebounds (2.4 orpg), eighth in steals, 10th in scoring, 10th in blocks, 11th in assists, and 13th in assist/turnover ratio.

400 Wins
Michigan State coach Tom Izzo recorded his 400th win at MSU with the Spartans' 68-52 win over Minnesota. Already the school's all-time winningest coach, he is just the fourth coach to win 400 games at a Big Ten institution, joining Bob Knight (661 wins), Gene Keady (512) and Lou Henson (423).

Lending A Helping Hand
Michigan State ranks 19th in the nation and second in the Big Ten in assists with 16.2 per game (NCAA ranking through Feb. 2). The Spartans have recorded an assist on 60.5 percent of their baskets. Over the last 15 games, the Spartans are averaging 17.7 assists. Individually, Keith Appling is averaging 4.7 assists in the last 15 contests.

Mr. Spartan
While Draymond Green's statistical contributions are significant and impressive, his best quality is his leadership. Green is in his third year as a captain, becoming just the fifth three-time captain in school history. Coach Tom Izzo recently called Green "the perfect Spartan," saying that he's becoming "the face of Michigan State athletics" like Mateen Cleaves or Kirk Cousins. Said Izzo, "I have something that you don't get very often ... I've got a guy who is my voice. And he's kind of my personality, which makes it even better for me."

Appling Locks Them Up
Besides everything Keith Appling provides on the offensive end of the floor, leading the team in assists and ranking second in scoring, he is perhaps even more impressive on the defensive end where he is emerging as one of the premier defenders in the league. Named MSU's Best Defensive Player as a freshman, Appling is terrific at running through screens and not allowing his man an open look. Consider two of his more recent efforts. UMKC's Reggie Chaimberlain entered the game averaging 19.0 points, but was limited to 2 points on 1-of-8 shooting. IU's Jordan Hulls was held to 4 points on 2-of-10 shooting, after entering the contest averaging 12.1 points.

Spartans Shooting Better
Michigan State got off to a slow start in terms of field-goal percentage this season, shooting .306 from the field against North Carolina outdoors on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier. Over the first six games of the season, MSU shot .423 from the field and .238 from 3-point range. In the last 16 games, however, MSU has shown dramatic improvement, hitting .495 from the field and .420 from 3-point range. The Spartans have shot over 50 percent in eight of the last 15 games, including four contests at 60 percent or better. In Big Ten games, MSU ranks third in the conference at .480.

It's All About Boardwork
After leading the nation in rebounding margin in both 2009 (+9.3) and 2010 (+8.6), Michigan State ranked 48th in the nation last season at +4.0. The Spartans have shown a better effort in 2011-12, out-rebounding 20 of 22 opponents by a +9.9 margin, including six by 15 or more, leading the Big Ten and ranking third in the nation (through Feb. 2). The Spartans have led the nation in rebounding margin in four of the last 12 seasons, ranking in the top 10 seven times and the top 25 on 10 occasions. MSU has led the Big Ten in rebounding margin in 11 of the last 14 years. In the Tom Izzo era, MSU has out-rebounded 436 of 566 opponents (.770), posting a 343-93 (.787) mark in those games.

Consistent Starting Lineup
Michigan State has used the same starting lineup (Keith Appling, Branden Dawson, Draymond Green, Adreian Payne, Brandon Wood) for 20 of its 22 games. The only changes came against Eastern Michigan when Derrick Nix started in place of Payne, and vs. Lehigh when Austin Thornton started in place of Green.

Becoming A Point Guard
Keith Appling has been asked to make the transition from the wing to point guard for Michigan State this season. As the season progresses, Appling seems more at home in his new position. While he did not have an assist in the first two games of the season, he's averaging 4.3 assists in his last 20 games with a 1.9-to-1 assist-to-turnover ratio. He was named Co-Big Ten Player of the Week on Dec. 5 and then again on Jan. 2. He's averaging 4.7 assists in the last 15 games, including a career-best 9 vs. Iowa, and has seven or more assists in five of the last 15 games. He owns a 2.1-to-1 assist-to-turnover ratio in the last 15 contests. In conference games, he ranks third in the Big Ten with 4.6 assists per game and seventh in assist-to-turnover ratio (1.7).

Three-Headed Scoring Attack
Three Spartans have emerged as Michigan State's leading scorers, as Draymond Green (14.9 ppg), Keith Appling (12.0 ppg) and Brandon Wood (8.9 ppg) are all averaging at least 8.9 ppg. It's been more pronounced over the last 16 games as the trio is averaging a combined 37.2 points (Green-15.7, Appling-12.4, Wood-9.1). As a group, they outscored Florida State, 56-49.

Guard Rebounding
One of the reasons that MSU is able to rank among the nation's leaders in rebounding margin is that its guards have been strong on the glass. The Spartans' starting backcourt of Keith Appling (3.3 rpg), Brandon Wood (2.8 rpg) and Branden Dawson (4.6 rpg) averages 10.7 boards per contest.

Second-Chance Points
Michigan State is outscoring opponents, 300-213, in second chance points for the season. That's an average of +3.9 points per game (13.6-9.7). The Spartans are averaging 13.0 offensive boards per game, ranking second in the Big Ten. MSU has 285 offensive rebounds on the year compared to 436 defensive rebounds for its opponents, good for an offensive rebound percentage of .395, ranking first in the conference. The Spartans have grabbed 20 or more offensive boards four times this season.

What A Difference A Year Makes
Through the first 22 games of the season, Derrick Nix is averaging 7.9 points, 4.1 rebounds and 18.7 minutes per contest. That's a contrast to last season when Nix averaged just 2.7 points and 2.0 rebounds for the season. Nix has even elevated his play recently, averaging 9.2 points and 4.4 rebounds in the last 15 games. In the first 73 games of his career, Nix scored in double figures just three times; he's done it seven times in the last 15 contests, scoring eight or more points in 11 of the last 15 games. He's been MSU's first sub in 19 of the 21 games in which he's come off the bench.

New Faces
Six of the 11 players in the Spartan playing group are seeing their first action in a Michigan State uniform (Russell Byrd, Branden Dawson, Alex Gauna, Brandan Kearney, Travis Trice, Brandon Wood). The six are averaging 37.4 percent of the scoring and 40.9 percent of the minutes. There are just two players on the 2011-12 roster (Keith Appling and Draymond Green) who averaged more than 20 minutes per game last season for MSU.

Climbing The Rebounding Charts
With 928 career rebounds, Draymond Green ranks fourth in MSU history, 88 behind Antonio Smith (1,016) in third place. He has a shot at becoming just the fourth player in MSU history with 1,000 career boards, and the third player with 1,000 career points and 1,000 career rebounds, joining Greg Kelser and Johnny Green. Given that the Spartans play 31 regular season games, at least one game in the Big Ten Tournament and possibly at least one postseason game, Green (10.3 rpg) would need to average 9.03 rebounds this season to reach 1,000 for his career. This season, Green leads the Big Ten and ranks 17th in the nation in rebounding (through Feb. 2). He also ranks 15th in the nation with 11 double-doubles.

Balanced Scoring
Seven different Spartans have led Michigan State in scoring this season. Draymond Green (nine times), Keith Appling (five times), Branden Dawson (four times), Brandon Wood (twice), Derrick Nix, Austin Thornton and Travis Trice have each paced MSU. Adreian Payne also has scored in double figures at least once this season, making eight different players to score 10 or more in a game.

The Turnover Story
One area of concern for the Spartans has been the turnovers. MSU is committing 13.7 per game (although just 12.4 in the last 15 games), while forcing 14.0 by its opponents. The Spartans are averaging 16.0 points per game off opponent turnovers, compared to 12.0 points by opponents off MSU turnovers. The Spartans are 10-0 when committing fewer turnovers than their opponent, but 5-5 when they have more (2-0 when turnovers are equal).

In The Paint
Michigan State has out-scored its opponents in the paint by an average of 35.6-23.5, out-scoring 18 of its 22 opponents. The Spartans even out-scored No. 1 North Carolina in the paint, 34-32, despite the Tar Heels having what some consider to be the premier frontline in the country.

Getting To The Foul Line
Over the first five games of the season, Michigan State was shooting just .629 from the foul line. That has improved recently, as the Spartans are shooting .721 over the last 17 games. For the season, MSU is shooting .697 from the foul line, averaging 21.6 attempts per game.

The 1,000-Point Club
With a second-half tip-in vs. Florida State, Draymond Green became the 42nd player in MSU history to reach the 1,000 point mark for his career. With 1,243 points, he ranks 25th in MSU history, needing 33 to move past Quinton Brooks (1,275 points).

Green's Weekly Honors
One week after Keith Appling was named Big Ten Player of the Week, Draymond Green earned the honor on Dec. 12, sharing it with Indiana's Christian Watford. Green earned the honor on the strength of his career-high 34-point effort in MSU's win at Gonzaga. For the week, he averaged 24.0 points, 5.5 rebounds and 3.5 assists. He was also named National Player of the Week by ESPN.com's Andy Katz and ESPN's Dick Vitale. He earned his second Big Ten weekly honor on Jan. 30.

Playing The Best
Since the 1997-98 season (including 2011-12 - through Feb. 2), the year of Michigan State's first of 14 straight trips to the NCAA Tournament, the Spartans have played 151 games against ranked opponents. That total ranks first among teams that have appeared in a Final Four since then. The Spartans are followed by North Carolina (145), Connecticut (140), Kentucky (139) and Duke (137).

Toughest Start Ever
Michigan State opens the season with the toughest start in the nation with back-to-back neutral-site contests vs. No. 1 North Carolina and No. 6 Duke. MSU is the first team to open the season against North Carolina and Duke in back-to-back games since Wake Forest and North Carolina State did it in November 1976. Michigan State also has never opened a season with two games against ranked opponents.

Draymond On Awards Lists
Senior forward Draymond Green is a familiar face among all the new ones in the Michigan State lineup. A three-year captain, Green is on the John R. Wooden Award Midseason Top 25 and the Naismith Award Watch lists. He's also one of 10 finalists for the Lowe's Senior CLASS Award. To be eligible for the award, a student-athlete must be classified as an NCAA Division I senior and have notable achievements in four areas of excellence - community, classroom, character and competition.

An Experienced New Face
Although he had never played a minute for Michigan State prior to this season, senior Brandon Wood brings a wealth of college basketball experience to the Spartan lineup. A two-time All-Horizon League performer at Valparaiso the last two seasons, Wood transfered to MSU in May after receiving his sports marketing and business degree. NCAA rules allow an institution to apply for a waiver to allow a student-athlete to transfer without sitting out a season, provided the student-athlete has earned a bachelor's degree, has eligibility remaining and is enrolling in a graduate-level program. In two seasons at Valpo, Wood scored 1,117 points, including averaging 17.7 ppg as a sophomore and 16.7 ppg as a junior. He's also performed at a high level against some of the nation's best teams, scoring 30 points vs. North Carolina, 24 vs. Michigan State and 21 vs. Purdue as a sophomore, followed by 20 vs. Purdue as a junior. This year, Wood's started all 22 games for MSU, ranking third on the team in scoring at 8.9 ppg.

In The Rankings
Eight different Spartan opponents are ranked in at least one of the two polls, including Ohio State (3 AP/3 USA Today), North Carolina (5/t-6), Duke (7/5), Wisconsin (19/t-20), Indiana (20/t-20), Florida State (21/24), Michigan (23/22), and Gonzaga (24/-). MSU is ranked No. 9 by the AP and No. 10 by ESPN/USA Today.

U-S-A, U-S-A
Keith Appling and Draymond Green both benefitted from their experiences with USA Basketball over the summer. Green was a member of the World University Games team, averaging 8.6 points and 6.0 rebounds, ranking second on the team in boards, and serving as a distributor from the forward position. Appling played with the FIBA U19 World Championship team, averaging 4.1 points and 10.3 minutes per contest, gaining some valuable experience at the point.

Same Name, Different Spellings
Among MSU's newcomers, three have the same first name, but it's spelled three different ways. Branden Dawson, Brandan Kearney and Brandon Wood each have a different second-to-last lettter in the first name. Pay close attention to eliminate typos.

The Book On Tom Izzo
Coach Izzo

In his 17th year, Tom Izzo (Northern Michigan, '77) is 400-166 (.707), and 189-88 (.682) in the Big Ten, as the coach of the Michigan State basketball program. He ranks as the winningest coach in Michigan State history, having passed his mentor Jud Heathcote with his 341st career victory on Nov. 28, 2009 . In his 16 seasons as a head coach, Izzo has won National Coach of the Year honors four times, including the Clair Bee Award in 2005 and NABC honors in 2001. In 1999, Izzo was named National Coach of the year by Basketball Times, while earning similar honors from The Associated Press, Basketball News and the USBWA in '98. He earned Big Ten Coach of the Year honors in 1998 and 2009.

Among The Big Ten's Best
Tom Izzo's .682 winning percentage in Big Ten games ranks fourth all-time among league coaches with at least 10 years of service, behind Wisconsin's Bo Ryan (.713), former Indiana coach Bob Knight (.700), and former Purdue coach Ward Lambert (.685). In all games, Knight ranks first at .734, followed by Ryan (.730), Wisconsin's Walter Meanwell (.712), Lambert (.709) and Izzo (.707). With 189 conference victories, Izzo ranks sixth all-time.

Izzo Among Best Ever
Through his first 16 seasons, Tom Izzo won 383 games, ranking sixth in college basketball history for most wins by a college coach in his first 16 years.

Izzo's Coaching Tree
Five current Division I head coaches all served as assistants to Tom Izzo, including Tom Crean (Indiana), Brian Gregory (Georgia Tech), Stan Heath (South Florida), Mark Montgomery (Northern Illinois) and Doug Wojcik (Tulsa). Mike Garland served as head coach at Cleveland State for three seasons and Stan Joplin, an assistant during Izzo's first season, spent 12 seasons as head coach at Toledo. Jim Boylen was head coach at Utah for four years.